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Кстати, не так уж много значений у этого слова в английском:

amnesty noun
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am·​nes·​ty | \ ˈam-nə-stē \
plural amnesties
Definition of amnesty (Entry 1 of 2)
: the act of an authority (such as a government) by which pardon is granted to a large group of individuals
The government granted amnesty to all political prisoners.
a general amnesty
amnesty verb
amnestied; amnestying
Definition of amnesty (Entry 2 of 2)
transitive verb

: to grant amnesty to : to pardon (someone) officially often before a trial or conviction
Only last Thursday Mr. Clinton told the U.S. that the generals were responsible for the killings … Now, they are to be amnestied and allowed to remain in Haiti if they so wish.
— A. M. Rosenthal
Traditionally, the incoming president amnesties all outstanding driving offences: during the months before an election people park even more selfishly than usual and drive at unbelievable speeds, knowing if they're caught, they'll be amnestied.
— Richard Horton
Synonyms & Antonyms
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Synonyms & Antonyms for amnesty
Synonyms: Noun

absolution, forgiveness, pardon, remission, remittal
Antonyms: Noun

penalty, punishment, retributionVisit the Thesaurus for More
Examples of amnesty in a Sentence
The government gave amnesty to all political prisoners.
Illegal immigrants who came into the country before 1982 were granted amnesty.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun
Ironically, one of the main reasons the Diversity Lottery was inaugurated was in response to President Ronald Reagan’s 1986 amnesty gift to Mexico.
— Christine M. Flowers, Philly.com, "NYC attacker was here legally. So why are immigrants being politicized yet again? | Christine Flowers," 2 Nov. 2017
If the children are not deported quickly, officials say, many will never leave, eventually becoming a new population of sympathetic young immigrants who seek amnesty to live and work in the U.S. legally.
— Michael D. Shear, Alaska Dispatch News, "For deal on ‘dreamers,’ White House will demand crackdown on child border crossers," 9 Oct. 2017
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'amnesty.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of amnesty

1580, in the meaning defined above


1802, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for amnesty

borrowed from Latin amnēstia, borrowed from Greek amnēstía "forgetfulness, oblivion, deliberate overlooking of past offenses," from amnēstós "forgotten, forgetful" (from a- A- entry 2 + mnēstós "memorable," verbal adjective of mnáomai, mnâsthai "to be mindful of" and mimnḗskomai, mimnḗskesthai "to call to mind, remember") + -ia -Y entry 2 — more at MIND entry 1


derivative of AMNESTY entry 1

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